Officers face many challenges when investigating a critical incident. Those challenges include the accuracy of eyewitness testimony. Eyewitness testimony is a complex issue and its reliability is often questioned. It is important that an officer understands some of the elements that tend to affect the accuracy of such testimony and recognize some the factors that may distort a witness’s perception.

This course is approved by Missouri POST for Law Enforcement CLEE Credits

Objectives Upon successful completion of this course the participant will possess the requisite knowledge to:

  1. Explain the theory of Human Factors;
  2. List the types of memory;
  3. List 4 factors that create unreliable memory recall;
  4. Define the term “cognitive interview”;
  5. Explain the effect that stress has on eyewitness memory;
  6. Explain the effect that high stress situations have on the accuracy of eyewitness testimony;
  7. List the DOJ guidelines for eliciting eyewitness testimony;
  8. Recite the standardized procedures for obtaining eyewitness identification;
  9. List 5 best practices for obtaining eyewitness identification; and
  10. Explain the influence of emotion on witnesses’ testimonies.


This course is taught by two experienced investigators, a brief bio of each is below:

Joe Weber

Joe Weber is currently a senior partner and licensed investigator in the firm of Weber & Associates. His firm provides law enforcement consultation and investigative services for insurance companies, attorneys, and financial institutions. Weber & Associates develops and presents law enforcement training to jurisdictions throughout the Midwest. This training focuses on the staffing and operations of jail facilities with special emphasis on practices that limit the facility’s liabilities in connection with conditions of confinement. Joe also serves as an adjunct instructor and program developer for the Missouri Sheriff’s Association and provides criminal justice planning for the Goldberg Group Architects

Joe finished his law enforcement career as a Lieutenant with the Crawford County Sheriff’s office. His certifications include completion of Jail Resource Management, Law Enforcement Information -Technology and Planning, Purchasing, and Managing Technology courses, by the U.S. Department of Justice. He is a graduate of the U.S. Academy of Private Investigation and has been certified by the National Institute of Truth Verification qualifying him to administer computer voice stress analysis as a method of detecting deception.

Joe has served as an expert witness in jail cases involving suicide, special needs inmates, and other confinement issues brought before the US Courts in the 8th Circuit.

He has been a guest speaker at criminal justice seminars and attorney’s conferences throughout the Eastern United States and has been published in magazines of national circulation with articles regarding jail funding, construction, and operations and has been a regular contributor to the Missouri Sheriff’s magazine.


Mark Bailey 

Major Mark E. Bailey recently closed out his 24- year career as the Director of the Marine Corps’ Military Police School. He holds a Bachelor’s Degree in Political Science/Criminal Justice from North Carolina State University and a Master’s Degree in Military Studies from The Marine Corps University. He is a graduate of the FBI National Academy (251st Session).
Mark has served in numerous law enforcement assignments including; Watch Commander, Operations Officer (Patrol, K-9, and SRT), Services Officer, Director of Security and Emergency Services (Police, Fire, and EMS), and Chief of Police for a 600-man department.